Resources for the Study of Balochi

(with Saraiki, Sindhi, and Miscellaneous)


Compiled by Maggie Ronkin, Georgetown University






Most of this resource list was generously contributed by Dr. Elena Bashir of the University of Chicago.


A=Center for Applied Linguistics


B=Goshti Website


C=Summer Institute of Linguistics Ethnologue; also Summer Institute of Linguistics Books available from


D=Dunwoody Press Instructional Materials for Less Commonly Taught Languages, Spoken Language Library


E=International Language Center


F=Vyakaran (South Asian Linguists’ Listserv) Bibliography for Seldom Studied and Endangered Languages compiled by John Peterson, University of Osnabruck, Germany


Pedagogical Materials


Ahmad, Mumtaz. 1985. Baluchi Glossary: A Baluchi-English Glossary: Elementary Level. Dunwoody Press.

A pedagogic work for beginning learners of Balochi. Part of the Dunwoody series of readers in uncommonly taught languages. May represent Balochi of Pakistan, concentrating on core vocabulary that is probably common to most written dialects found in Pakistan.


            Barker, Muhammad Abd-al-Rahman and Aqil Khan Mengal. 1969/1980. A Course in Baluchi. Montreal:  Institute of Islamic Studies, McGill University.   

            Parallel in format to Barker’s three-volume introductory Urdu course, these materials were developed with A. K. Mengal at the University of Balochistan.  Volume II contains 197 pages of Balochi-English vocabulary, coordinated with the grammar materials and texts.  Pages 604-660 are an English-Balochi index.  This reflects Balochi usage in Pakistan current in the late 1960s, which is likely to be closest to standard literary usage in Pakistan.


               Bashir, Elena. 1991. A Contrastive Analysis of Balochi and Urdu. Peshawar, Pakistan:  Directorate of Primary Education; Washington, D.C.: Academy for Educational Development.


            Collett, Major  N. A. date?. A Grammar, Phrase Book and Vocabulary of Baluchi (as spoken in the Sultanate of Oman).

            [Speakers living in Oman originated in the Kech and Makran area, according to the author.] Thirty-three pages of Balochi-English vocabulary and a reverse English-Balochi index.


            Dames, M. Longworth. 1880? A Sketch of the Northern Balochi Language, Containing a Grammar, Vocabulary and Specimens of the Language.  Extra number to JAS (Bengal), Part 1 for 1880.   

An important vocabulary of the northern Balochi dialects of the area now in Pakistan. Contains ninety-three pages of vocabulary items.   


Dames, M. Longworth. 1922. A Textbook of the Balochi Language, Consisting of Miscellaneous Stories, Legends, Poems, and Balochi-English Vocabulary.  Lahore:  Printed by the Superintendent, Government Printing, Punjab.    

A collection of prose and poetry and 108 pages of vocabulary. Texts represent two main dialects: northern tribes including Legharis, and southern tribes including Mazaris. Dialects to which each texts belong are indicated.Vocabulary items are those considered useful in a textbook for British civil servants; they represent the Balochi spoken in the area now in Pakistan in the early twentieth century. Transcription and orthography is the author’s. Possible overlap with Dames 1880?.


Elfenbein,  J. H. date?. A Vocabulary of Marw Baluchi. 

Compiled from a collection of texts by Soviet scholars from Marw (according to Elfenbein, located in Russian Turkmenistan). A scholarly work.


Farrell, Timothy. 1990. Basic Balochi: An Introductory Course. Balochistan Monograph Series, 1. Naples: Instituto Universitario Orientale, Dipartimento di Studi Asiatici.

An introductory course on Southern Balochi.




Gilbertson, George W. 1925. English-Balochi Colloquial Dictionary. Hertford, England: published by the author, printed by Stephen Austin & Sons, Ltd. 

Over 600 pages in two volumes. Arranged by English key word entries, many of which are parts of set or idiomatic phrases in English. Entries are illustrated with full sentences in Balochi and include cross-references to sections in Gilbertson’s 1923 grammar, The Balochi Language.


            Nawata, Tetsuo. 1981. Balochi. Asian and African Grammatical Manual, No. 17b. Tokyo:  Institute for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa.



Pedagogical Materials from the Goshti Website

All Source=B


Baloch, M. B., Baloch, A. R., and Farrell T., 1990. Miiraas (“Inheritance”-A Children’s Story Book in Balochi.) Karachi: Kalakot Coaching Centre.


Baloch, M. B., Baloch, A. R., and Farrell T., 1990. Jaan Mohammad, Anwar o Har (“Jan Mohammad, Anwar and the Donkey”-A Children’s Story Book in Balochi.) Karachi: Kalakot Coaching Centre.


Baloch, M. B., Baloch, A. R., and Farrell T., 1990. Makisk mae Dushman (“Flies our Enemies” -A Health/Story Book in Balochi.) Karacki: Kalakot Coaching Centre.


Baloch, M. B., Baloch, A. R., and Farrell T., 1991. Sheikh Callii o Roghin (“Sheikh Challi and the Ghee”-A Children’s Story Book in Balochi.) Karachi: Kalakot Coaching Centre.


Baloch, M. B., Baloch, A. R., and Farrell T., 1993. Laap Ricage Biimaarii (A Health Book on Diarrhoea in Balochi.) Karachi: Kalakot Coaching Centre.


Barakzai, Akbar. 1963. Zahg Balad. Partially reprinted in 1987 by Baloch Itahad, Kuwait.


Gul Rang Lal Mohd and Yasmin. 1995a Petap. Karachi: Azat Jamaldini Academy.


Gul Rang Lal Mohd and Yasmin. 1995b Buni Kitab. Karachi: Azat Jamaldini Academy.


Meyar, Ghulam Mahi Uddin. 1986. Siken. Karachi: Sharp Kitab Jah.


Nadwi, Khair Mohammad. 1951. Balochi Qaidah. Karachi: Maktabah Saughat.


Nadwi, Khair Mohammad. 1978. Balochie Awli Kitab. Karachi: Maktabah Saughat.


Rind, Lal Baxsh. 1983a. Balochi Bwan. Karachi: Balochi Publications.


Rind, Lal Baxsh. 1983b. Balochi Hel Bikan. Karachi: Balochi Publications.


Sadiq, Abdul Halim and Temur Khan. 1987. Buni Kitab (“Basic Book”-A Primer in Western Balochi). Quetta: Shal Association Pakistan.



Sociolinguistic Studies


Farrell, Tim. 2000. Mother Tongue Education and the Health and Survival of the Balochi Language. In Carina Jahani, ed. Language in Society: Eight Sociolinguistic Essays on Baluchi. Pp. 19-32. Uppsala, Sweden: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis.



Tan, Eunice. 2000. A  Mother Tongue Literacy Programme among the Baloch of Lingo Line, Karachi. In Carina Jahani, ed. Language in Society: Eight Sociolinguistic Essays on Baluchi. Pp. 59-67. Uppsala, Sweden: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis.




Materials for Saraiki and Sindhi




Shackle, Christopher. 1976. The Siraiki Language of Central Pakistan.  London: School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. 




Cole, Jennifer S. 2001. “Sindhi.” Jane Gary and Carl Rubino (editors). Facts about the World’s Languages: An Encyclopedia of the World’s Major Languages, Past and Present. New York / Dublin: H.W. Wilson Company (A New England Publishing Associates Book). 647-53.



Khubchandani, Lachman M. 1981. Sindhi Studies. Pune: Centre for Communication Studies (Studies in Linguistics Mimeograph Series, Number 7).



Lekhwani, Kanhaiyalal and Davidovic Mladen. 1995. Intensive Course in Sindhi. Pondicherry, India: Pindicheery Institute of Linguistics and Culture.

An 882-page intensive course.


Rohra, Satish K. 1971. “Sindhi, Kacchi, and Emigrant Sindhi.” Indian Linguistics 32.2:123-31.



Stack, Captain George. 1849. Dictionary, English and Sindhi. Bombay: American Mission Press.



Trumpp, Ernest. 1872. Grammar of the Sindhi Language. London: Trübner and Co. / Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus [Reprints: 1986: New Delhi: Asian Education Service; 1986

Ottawa: Laurier Books, Ltd.]

Source=F and others


Yegorova, R. P. 1971. The Sindhi Language. Moscow: Nauka.

Source=F and others



Work in Progress


Proposal to the SALRC

The Development of an On-line Course in Spoken and Written Sindhi

Jennifer Cole, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign,


The overall goal of this project is to develop an online course in Sindhi at the beginning level using materials I created for a classroom-based intensive Sindhi course I co-taught at the University of Illinois in the summer of 2000. The course is designed to be used free of charge as a self-study course for anyone with internet access. In the work proposed here, I will build on the course web-design and prototype lesson developed during Summer 2002, adding the text content for three complete lessons, with supporting audio and visual image files.


The lessons will be implemented as interactive web-pages using Macromedia Dreamweaver and Flash web authoring tools. Each lesson will include a grammar overview, dialogue or narrative, tutorial, and quiz components. Sindhi words, phrases and sentences will be presented in text format (Sindhi Arabic and parallel roman transcription) with audio links. Other components to be developed are Cultural Notes, a Word List and Glossary. The present goal is to have a portion of the first-year Sindhi course fully implemented in web format, with audio and image components, to serve as a demonstration for a future proposal seeking funds for an assistant to complete

the project. The complete first-year course, comparable to a university first-year foreign language course, will comprise approximately 30 lessons, out of which 15 were taught in the 2000 Intensive Sindhi course.









Title: Hindko and Gujari

Series Title: Sociolinguistic Survey of Northern Pakistan, Volume 3


 Year of First Publication: 1992

 Second Printing (with minor corrections): 2003


Publishers: National Institute of Pakistan Studies, Islamabad, and

Summer Institute of Linguistics


Author: Calvin R. Rensch

Author: Calinda E. Hallberg

Author: Clare F. O’Leary


Paperback: ISBN: 969-8023-13-5, Pages: xxii+306


Description: The report on the Sociolinguistic Survey of Northern Pakistan, carried out by SIL researchers in cooperation with the Ministry of Culture, Government of Pakistan, and several Pakistani institutions between 1986 and 1991, was first published in 1992 in five volumes. These volumes have been out of print for some time, but a reprint is currently being undertaken. Volume 3, which deals with the Hindko and Gujari languages, is now off the press.


Contents of this volume: The language environment of Hindko-speaking people--

by Calvin R. Rensch, Dialect variation and multilingualism among Gujars of

Pakistan--by Calinda E. Hallberg and Clare F. O’Leary



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